Saturday, May 28, 2011

Strawberries in Syrup

1 pound strawberries. 1 pound cherries. ½ pound loaf sugar. 1 pint water.

Pound the cherries in a mortar, crushing as many of the stones as possible. Place them with the water and sugar in a stewpan, and boil one hour without the lid. Strain the syrup into a small stewpan, and reduce until it commences to thicken, then place in the strawberries (first removing the stalks), and shake them so that they become coated with the syrup. Lift them out into a glass dish, reduce the syrup again until it becomes quite thick, pour over the strawberries, and allow to get quite cold.

Early Rhubarb Stewed

5 or 6 large sticks of rhubarb. 30 lumps sugar. ½ ounce butter. 1 gill milk.

Dissolve the sugar in the milk, then add the butter and rhubarb cut up. Stew gently over a moderate heat until tender.

Stewed Pears

1 dozen stewing pears. 1 quart water. ½ pound loaf sugar. 2 inches cinnamon stick.

Peel the pears carefully and remove the cores, but leave them whole. Dissolve the sugar in the water, using an enamelled stewpan, place the pears in this and allow to simmer for two hours, keeping the lid on. Remove the stewpan from the fire, and stand it on one side without the lid until the pears are perfectly cold, then carefully lift them out (they should be a beautiful red colour) into a glass dish. Strain the syrup into a small stewpan, boil over a good heat for about fifteen minutes (watching it carefully the latter portion), reduce to three tablespoons, pour over the pears, and allow to thoroughly cool before serving.

Masked Pears

6 stewing pears. ¾ pint water. 1 egg. 6 tablespoons bread crumbs. 24 lumps sugar. 1 inch cinnamon stick. Jam. ½ ounce butter.

Make a syrup of the sugar and water, peel and hollow the pears (which must remain whole), place them in the syrup, and stew gently one hour or until tender; lift them out very carefully on to a plate and allow to cool. Fill them with jam, roll in egg and bread crumbs, place in a buttered dish, and bake for about twenty minutes. In the meantime, place the cinnamon in the syrup and boil until it is reduced, place the pears in a pretty dish, pour the syrup over them through a strainer, and allow to cool.

Stewed French Plums

1 pound French plums. 6 or 8 lumps of sugar. Water.

Wash the plums by placing them in a sieve or strainer and pouring hot water over them; then place them in a stewpan, cover with water, and boil very gently for half an hour; drop in the sugar and simmer for another half hour. When done, remove the lid and stand the stewpan on one side for the plums to cool. Pile them in a glass dish, and pour the syrup over.

Apples Stewed à la Gloire

10 or 12 stewing apples. 1½ pints of water. ½ pound loaf sugar. 1 dozen crystallized cherries. 2 bananas. { 1 strip of lemon peel. { 12 cloves. { 1 small stick of cinnamon tied in muslin.

Place the water, sugar, and flavourings in a large enamelled stewpan, and stand over a gentle heat until the sugar is dissolved. Peel the apples, carefully remove the cores, leaving the apples whole; place them in the syrup, and simmer until perfectly tender, but not broken. When done, lift them out into a glass dish (which should have been previously warmed to prevent cracking), press them slightly with a spoon so as to make a smooth surface slightly raised in the centre, and stand them on one side to get cold. When the apples are cold, strain the syrup into a small stewpan, and reduce over a moderate heat for fifteen or twenty minutes. Cut the bananas into quarter-inch slices, stamp out the seeds, and arrange the rings on the apple, placing a cherry in the middle of each ring. Pour the syrup over the top, when, if it be sufficiently reduced, it will immediately set, and form a very ornamental as well as delicious dish.

Stewed Apples

6 or 8 apples, according to size. 1 pint water. 40 lumps sugar. A few cloves.

Dissolve the sugar in the water, peel and core the apples (but do not cut them), and place them with the cloves in the syrup, stew very gently for about ten minutes, then turn the apples and simmer for another ten minutes, or until they are tender, but not broken. When done, place them in a pretty dish, and fill the hollow part with jam or custard. Reduce the syrup by boiling it over the fire for a few minutes with the lid off, strain over the apples, and allow to cool before serving.

Purée of Apples

Very suitable for young children.

½ pint water. 24 lumps sugar. 6 apples. A little cinnamon or cloves.

Dissolve the sugar in the water, then add the cloves and apples (which should not be peeled). Simmer for twenty or thirty minutes. Then rub through a sieve with a wooden spoon.

Vermicelli and Tomato Pudding

6 ounces cooked vermicelli. 6 ounces mashed potato. 2 shalots, or a small onion. 2 eggs. 1 teaspoon salt. ¼ teaspoon pepper. 2 tablespoons tomato juice. 1 ounce butter.

Boil the shalot or onion ten minutes, then mince finely and mix well with the vermicelli, potatoes, salt, pepper, tomato and yolks of eggs, beat the whites and add them last, then pour the mixture into a well-buttered pudding basin, and steam one and a half hours, or it may be baked.

Summer Pie

½ peck green peas. 1 cabbage lettuce. 1 onion. 1 egg. 1 tablespoon chopped mint. ½ teaspoon salt. Puff or short paste.

Shell the peas, and boil them in a little water with the salt and onion sliced. Well wash the lettuce, shred it, place in a pie-dish, and when the peas are done, add them, including the liquor in which they have been boiled (if there be more liquor than the pie-dish will conveniently hold, it should be added after the pie is cooked). Sprinkle the mint over the top, cover with paste in the usual way, brush over with the beaten egg, and bake in a rather hot oven for about three-quarters of an hour.

Boiled Rice

For Curries, etc.

About 12 ounces of rice. A pinch of salt. Water.

Place the rice in a saucepan, cover with cold water and bring to the boil, then strain away the water and return the rice to the saucepan, add fresh cold water and the salt, and boil for fifteen minutes, then strain it through a colander again.

Stand the colander containing the rice on a plate, cover it with a cloth and place in a warm (not hot) oven for two hours. Stir the rice occasionally with a fork.

Potato Pie

4 or 6 potatoes, according to size. Cooked haricot beans. 1 onion. About one tablespoon of chopped mint or parsley. Puff or short paste.

Parboil the potatoes, slice and lay them in a pie-dish with the onion sliced, as many beans as are liked, and a few tablespoons of the liquor. Sprinkle over the parsley or mint, cover with paste, and bake.

Puff Paste

½ pound Vienna flour. 6 ounces butter. 1 egg. ½ tea-cup cold water. 1 teaspoon lemon juice.

Place the flour in the middle of a paste-board, and lightly roll the butter in it, then divide the butter into two equal parts, and place one half on one side. Chop the other half in the flour, then make a hole in the centre, in which place the lemon juice, the egg (whole), and the water; mix well together, and put in a cool place for about fifteen minutes. Then roll it out half an inch thick. Place the other half of the butter in the centre, fold over two sides of the paste, and roll out again; this latter counts as the first roll, and the paste must be rolled out five times in all, allowing an interval of ten minutes between each roll. The paste should then be left for at least two hours in a cool place with a damp cloth over it before being used.

Note.--In warm weather, the butter, egg, and water should be kept in a basin with ice for at least half an hour before using.

Plain Paste for Puddings

¾ pound flour. 6 ounces butter. Rather less than ½ pint water. A pinch of salt. 1 teaspoon baking powder.

Pass the flour through a sieve on to a board, mix with it the salt and baking powder, and thoroughly rub in the butter. Make a hole in the centre of the paste, pour in the water, stirring it into the paste at the same time with the other hand. When sufficiently moist to adhere in the shape of a ball, roll out to the required thickness. If cooked in a basin the pudding will require to boil for at least three hours; if in a cloth, less time will be found sufficient.

Boiled Mushroom Pudding

Mushrooms. Pudding crust.

Butter a pudding basin, line it with paste, fill with mushrooms, add pepper and salt to taste (about one teaspoonful of salt and half of pepper to one dozen good sized mushrooms), adding gravy made by stewing the peel and stalks of the mushrooms for half an hour in sufficient water to cover them, and strained before using. Cover with paste, flour a cloth and tie firmly over, and boil for three hours.

Baked Mushroom Pudding

½ pound haricot bean pulp. 6 or 8 button mushrooms. 1 shalot. 2 teaspoons of Worcester or other sauce. 3 eggs. 1 ounce butter. Pepper and salt to taste.

To obtain the pulp, rub about three-quarters of a pound of well-cooked beans through a wire sieve, add the mushrooms and shalot very finely minced, stir in the yolks of the eggs reserving the whites, add seasoning if required; grease a deep tin or pie dish with the butter, pour in the mixture, and bake for about half an hour, or until set. In the meantime beat the whites to a stiff froth, and after beating add the sauce, turn the pudding on to a hot dish, arrange the froth prettily over it, and return to the oven to set the egg. Serve quickly.

This pudding may be steamed instead of baked, but the whites of eggs will not then be required.

Potted Lentils

1 quart soaked lentils. 1 quart water. 4 ounces butter. 1 teaspoon salt. A pinch of sweet herbs. 6 cloves. 6 allspice. 12 peppercorns. 1 inch cinnamon stick. A piece of mace size of a shilling.

Dissolve the butter in a saucepan, then place in all the ingredients except the salt. Remove the scum as it rises. Boil one hour, add salt, boil again half an hour, then remove the lid and stir constantly for another half hour, or until the lentils are reduced to a thick pulp. Rub through a wire sieve with a wooden spoon until only the husks remain. When quite cold, place in a dish or jar, and pour oiled butter over the top to exclude the air. It will keep good for some days.

Note.--The thick remaining in the sieve may be re-boiled for stock.

French Plum Pasties

6 ounces whole meal flour. 2 ounces white flour. 3 ounces butter. A little water. Stewed French plums. 1 egg.

Make a paste of the flour, butter, water, and half the egg; roll out rather thin; cut into four-inch squares, place a French plum, having removed the stone, in the centre of each square, moisten the edges with a little water, fold them over, brush over with the remainder of the beaten egg, and bake in a moderate oven for fifteen or twenty minutes.

Note.--They may be eaten either hot or cold, and will be found particularly suitable for travelling, etc.

Chestnut Cakes

1 pound chestnuts. 2 eggs. 2 teaspoons castor sugar. 2½ ounces butter.

Boil the chestnuts half an hour, strain, and after removing shells and skins, rub them through a wire sieve with a wooden spoon. Mix the sugar and two ounces of the butter to a cream, add the chestnuts, flour and eggs well beaten, and stir all well together. Take a tin greased with the remaining half ounce of butter, place the mixture in it in the shape of little hills, and bake in a moderate oven for twenty to thirty minutes; or the mixture may be spread over the tin in a thin layer, and when done stamped out into fancy shapes.

Cherry Tartlets

1 pound cherries. ¼ pound white sugar. ½ pint water. Short paste.

Place the sugar and water in an enamelled stewpan over a gentle heat; remove the stalks, and place the cherries in this syrup; boil gently until tender, removing the scum as it rises. Have ready one dozen little tartlet tins, line them with the paste, bake for ten minutes, then fill them with cherries and a little syrup, and finish baking.

Whole Meal Biscuits

4 ounces whole meal flour. 2 ounces white flour. 1 egg. ½ teaspoon baking powder. 1½ ounces butter. 1½ ounces sugar. ½ tablespoon golden syrup.

Mix the two flours, the butter, baking powder, and sugar well together on the paste-board; make a hole in the centre into which break the egg, and pour in the syrup, then mix with the hand until all be thoroughly incorporated. Roll the paste very thin, stamp out the required size, prick over with a fork, and bake in a brisk oven until crisp.

Baked Batter

3 ounces flour. 2 eggs. ½ pint milk. 1 ounce butter. A pinch of salt.

Place the flour and salt in a basin, beat up the eggs in another basin; add half the butter to the milk, and place in the oven for a few minutes to allow the butter to dissolve, then add the milk to the eggs and pour on to the flour, stir briskly with a wooden spoon, grease a baking tin or dish with the remainder of the butter, pour in the batter, and bake in a rather hot oven for half an hour.

Asparagus Pudding

40 heads of asparagus. 1½ ounces flour. 2 ounces butter. 4 eggs. 1 tablespoon milk. ½ teaspoon salt. A little pepper.

Place the flour and butter in a basin and beat them thoroughly, then add the salt, pepper, milk, the eggs well beaten, and the tender green part of the asparagus cut very small; stir all well together, then pour into a well-buttered mould or basin, and steam for one and a half hours. Turn out, and serve with asparagus sauce poured over.

Alexandra Pie

1 pint soaked haricot beans. 1 carrot. 1 turnip. 2 onions. ½ pint liquor. 1 ounce butter. ½ pound mashed potatoes. 2 ounces bread crumbs. 1 egg. 1 teaspoon salt. 1 quart water.

Slice the carrot, turnip and onions, boil them with the beans one and a half hours, add salt and boil half an hour, strain, turn the beans and vegetables on to a large plate and place on one side to cool. Dissolve the butter in a frying pan, and fry the beans and vegetables until slightly browned; turn into a pie dish, pour over the liquor which was strained off, place in the mashed potatoes, and lastly cover with the egg and bread crumbs well mixed. The white and yolk should be beaten separately. Bake in a rather hot oven until a nice brown.

White Sauce

1 ounce butter. ½ ounce flour. ¼ pint each milk and water. A pinch of salt.

Mix the flour and butter well together on a plate with a knife, place this paste in a small enamelled saucepan, add salt and milk, and stir over the fire until it is perfectly smooth and has boiled for one minute. It is then ready for use.

Vegetable Sauce

1 carrot. 1 onion. 1 turnip. A little celery. 1 ounce flour. 1 ounce butter. 1½ pints water. ½ teaspoon salt. { 1 dozen peppercorns. { 1 inch stick of cinnamon. { 1 teaspoon mixed herbs.

Prepare the vegetables, cut them up in small pieces, place in a saucepan with the water, salt and flavourings, simmer for one hour; strain, replace in the saucepan, which should have been rinsed, and thicken with flour and butter, or if a little cold boiled rice is handy it may be substituted for the flour, and should be added with one ounce of butter to the sauce five minutes before it is strained. A teaspoonful of lemon juice added the last thing will give additional piquancy to the sauce.

Note.--This quantity will make about three-quarters of a pint of sauce.

Sauce Tournée

1 pint white stock. A large sprig of parsley. 6 button mushrooms chopped. 1 large onion.

Simmer altogether for half an hour, then strain very carefully. If desired very rich, a dessertspoonful of cream may be placed in the tureen and the sauce poured over gradually, stirring all the time.

Tomato Sauce Piquante

1½ pounds tomatoes. 3 middling-sized apples. 2 small onions. ½ gill vinegar. 1 gill water. Pepper and salt to taste.

Slice the tomatoes, onions, and apples into a small stewpan, add water and vinegar and a little pepper and salt, simmer gently until tender, rub through a hair sieve, re-warm and serve.

Note.--Should the liquor boil away too soon, a little more water may be added as required.

Tomato and Haricot Bean Sauce

1 pint soaked haricot beans. 1 onion. Tomato liquor. The seeds of vegetable marrow, if handy, or any odd pieces of vegetable. 1 ounce flour. 1 ounce butter. 1½ pints water. ¾ teaspoon salt.

Boil altogether for about two hours; strain, rubbing the beans through a sieve with a wooden spoon. Add to this an equal quantity of cooked tomato liquor, which is already seasoned with butter, pepper and salt. Thicken with the paste of flour and butter, stirring over the fire until it boils. Be sure that the sauce is sufficiently seasoned before sending to table.

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